Chapter I: Part I - THE PRINCIPLE OF CREATION
The fundamental questions about life and the universe cannot be finally resolved without understanding the nature of God, the Creator. This is so because in order to understand and solve the problems concerning any resultant being we must first understand the causal being. So in order to answer the most basic questions about all resultant beings, we must first understand the nature of God, the Creator, and the principles by which He created the world. The Principle of Creation lecture explains God's nature and these fundamental principles and thus clearly answers many questions about life and the universe.
I. DUAL CHARACTERISTICS OF GOD AND THE CREATION
A. The Dual Characteristics of God
How can we know the nature of God, who is invisible? We can know it through observing the Creation. Just as the work of an artist is a visible manifestation of its maker's invisible nature, every being in the Creation is a substantial manifestation of the invisible nature of God, its Creator. Just as we can sense an author's character through his work, so can we perceive God's nature through his Creation. For this reason, Paul said,
Ever since the creation of the world his invisible nature, namely, his eternal power and deity, has been clearly perceived in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse. ... (Rom 1:20)
We will determine God's nature by finding the characteristics which are common to all entities in his Creation.
1. The Dual Characteristics of Sung Sang (Internal Character) and Hyung Sang (External Form)
We find that all existing beings have both an invisible, internal character and a visible, external form. Sung Sang is the inner nature or character of any being, whereas Hyung Sang is the aspects of matter, structure and shape of any being. Sung Sang and Hyung Sand are Korean terms which can be roughly translated as Internal Character and External Form. For instance, in man, simply speaking, Sung Sang is the invisible mind and Hyung Sang is the visible body. In animals, the invisible instinctual mind is Sung Sang, while the tissues and organs forming an animal's body are Hyung Sang.
In plants, life and the various invisible internal characteristics are its Sung Sang, whereas the material part made up of the cells is its Hyung Sang. The same principle can be applied to the Elements. The physicochemical character of molecules, atoms and particles is their Sung Sang, while the visible matter and structure are their Hyung Sang. In man, the mind is the subject and motivator of the body; thus the body moves according to the direction of the mind. Likewise, the Sung Sang of animals, plants, molecules, atoms and particles direct and control their Hyung Sang.
The body, which is Hyung Sang, reflects and resembles the mind, which is Sung Sang. Though the mind cannot be seen, it has its own "form," and the body, which reflects and resembles the mind, assumes a corresponding form. Mind and body are simply the inner and outer aspects of the same person, with the mind being causal and in the subject position to the body. This is the reason one can perceive things about a man's mind and destiny by examining his outer appearance.
From this, we can understand that Sung Sang and Hyung Sang are simply the inner and outer aspects of each being. Sung Sang is the causal aspect and stands in the subject position to Hyung Sang; Hyung Sang is the resultant aspect and stands in the object position to Sung Sang. Accordingly, Hyung Sang may also be called the second Sung Sang. Together we call them dual characteristics.
Since God is the First Cause of all beings and each created being has dual characteristics of Sung Sang and Hyung Sang, God must have Sung Sang and Hyung Sang (Rom 1:20). God's Sung Sang and Hyung Sang are in the subject position to the Sung Sang and Hyung Sang of the created beings. God's Sung Sang, which is in the subject position to the Sung Sang of all created beings, is called the Original Sung Sang, and his Hyung Sang, which is subject to the Hyung Sang of all created beings, is called the Original Hyung Sang. It should be emphasized that God's Original Sung Sang and Original Hyung Sang do not exist as independent entities but in harmonious reciprocal relationship with one another. God is the subject being of harmonized Original Sung Sang and Original Hyung Sang, and his attributes are the First Cause of the resultant world.
2. The Dual Characteristics Positivity and Negativity
We also find that throughout the Creation there is a reciprocal relationship between Positivity and Negativity. [ Positivity and Negativity, or Positive and Negative, are used in the meaning of yang-yin (yang-um, in Korean) as in yin-yang philosophy. They do not connote good and evil, good and bad or constructive and destructive. ] For example, atoms themselves have positive or negative characteristics. Based on such characteristics, two or more atoms enter into a reciprocal relationship between positive and negative elements.
Atoms themselves have positive or negative characteristics. Based on such characteristics, two or more atoms enter into a reciprocal relationship, forming molecules. Plants have male and female elements. Similarly, most animals reproduce through relationships between male and female. All plants and animals exist and reproduce by virtue of myriad internal and external interdependent relationships of positive and negative elements.
The Bible says that God was not satisfied with man alone (Gen 2:18) so he made a woman, Eve, as Adam's object. Afterward, for the first time God saw that his Creation was "very good." Mankind is composed of men and women, and human society exists and develops through the reciprocal relationships between men and women.
The relationship between Positivity and Negativity is similar to that which exists between internal character and external form. Positivity and Negativity have the reciprocal relationship of subject and object, cause and result, internal and external; so Positivity and Negativity together are also called dual characteristics. The Creation is made in such a way that everything exists through the reciprocal relationship of Positivity and Negativity.
What is the source of these dual characteristics of Positivity and Negativity, which can be found throughout the Creation? Since all beings are resultant beings, the elements they have in common must have originated in their ultimate source -- God, the Creator. The fact that the Creation is composed of dual characteristics of Positivity and Negativity means that God himself, who is the First Cause of all things, is the origin of the dual characteristics of Positivity and Negativity. This fact can be understood from Genesis 1:27:, which says, "So God created man in his own image, male and female he created them."
God is the being whose Positivity and Negativity attributes stand in the subject position to all the Positive and Negative aspects of created beings. We call God's subject Positive and Negative aspects Original Positivity and Original Negativity. God's Original Positivity and Original Negativity are harmonized within him, so God is the First Cause of the resultant world and exists as the being of harmonized Positive and Negative aspects.
3. The Dual Characteristics of God
What is the relationship between the dual characteristics of Sung Sang and Hyung Sang and the dual characteristics of Positivity and Negativity? In all beings the dual characteristics of positive and negative, or masculine and feminine, are attributes of Sung Sang and Hyung Sang. This means that mind and body are the most fundamental aspects of the individual human being, and masculinity and femininity are secondary aspects. In other words, Sung Sang has positive and negative attributes and Hyung Sang also has positive and negative attributes.
Let us look at these dual aspects in man. First, in the mind, or Sung Sang, there is "positive" emotion, which is active or lively, and there is "negative"
emotion, which is sentimental or placid. There is positive intellect, which is active, and negative intellect, which is passive. There is positive will, which initiates and takes charge, and there is negative will, which is passive or responsive.
There are also positive and negative aspects to man's physical body or Hyung Snag. The protruding, or convex, parts are the positive aspects, whereas the sunken or concave parts are the negative aspects. Thus we can see that Positivity and Negativity are attributes of Sung Sang and Hung Sang.
In the same way, Original Positivity and Original Negativity are attributes of God's Original Sung Sang and Original Hyung Sang. In brief, God is the First Cause and the subject with the dual characteristics of Original Sung Sang and Original Hung Sang harmonized with the dual characteristics of Original Positivity and Original Negativity.
What are the essential natures of God's Original Sung Sang and Original Hung Sang? God's Original Sung Sang is the internal nature of God and the origin of the invisible inner aspects of all created beings: Man's mind, an animal's instinct, the life of plants and the physicochemical character of the minerals and elements. Original Sung Sang is the mind of God, which includes emotion, intellect and will, as well as concepts and law. However, the most essential of God's internal characteristics is Heart or love.
[Heart (Shimjung, in Korean) is the essence of God's personality, the essence of his Sung Sang. Heart is the most vital part of his nature, such that all other attributes in Him are what they are and do what they do solely because of this attribute. Heart is the impulse to love and to be united in love with the object of its love. For this reason, Heart is said to be the source of love and at the same time is the chief motive behind love. God's Heart has within itself its own purpose; so it is through God's love, through his Heart, that the Principle (Logos) is expressed and the Creation comes into being and achieves fulfillment.]
The Original Hyung Sang is God's external attributes and is the origin of the substance and form of all created beings: man's body, the bodies of the animals and plants and the substance and form of inorganic matter. Universal Prime Energy (see next section below) and matter are the main attributes of the Original Hyung Sang.
B. The Relationship between God and the Creation
Every created being is God's substantial object, that is, each being is the visible and substantial expression and form of the dual characteristics of God, who exists as the invisible subject. When a created being becomes a perfect object to God, the subject, the Will of God is fully realized. In other words, the completed world is like one perfect organic body which moves or remains calm only according to God's Purpose for the Creation.
Though all created beings reflect God's dual characteristics, they can be classified into two categories: (1) man, and (2) all other things. Man is created to be in the image of God, and thus he is called the substantial object in the image (image substantial object) of God. All other things resemble God symbolically and thus are called symbolic substantial objects of God.
Any substantial object containing dual characteristics which resemble the dual characteristics of God is called an individual truth body. As we have seen, every individual truth body has within itself Sung Sang and Hyung Sang and Positivity and Negativity, which are derived from and resemble the Original Sung Sang, Original Hyung Sang, Original Positivity and Original Negativity within God.
Let us sum up the relationship between God and the Creation as seen from the viewpoint of dual characteristics. The Creation is God's substantial object, consisting of individual truth bodies which are the manifestations of God's dual characteristics in image (man) and symbol (all other things) forms.
When we look at God and the Creation as a whole, the relationship between God and the Creation corresponds to that between Sung Sang and Hyung Sang. God is the invisible, internal cause and the Sung Sang, masculine subject to Creation; the Creation is the visible, external result and the Hyung Sang, feminine object of God.
II. UNIVERSAL PRIME FORCE, GIVE AND TAKE ACTION, AND THE FOUR POSITION FOUNDATION
A. Universal Prime Force
As God told Moses in Exodus 3:14, "... 'I am who I am.'" God existed before time and space and transcends time and space. God is an eternal, self-existing and absolute being. Therefore, the fundamental force for his being should also be eternal, self-existing and absolute. This original force was not created but simply has existed within God from the beginning, transcendent of time and space. This force is called the Universal Prime Force; it is the fundamental force of God, the Creator. It is also the fundamental force of the Creation -- the force with which God endows every being, or individual truth body, when it is created as God's substantial object.
B. Give and Take Action
4. The Meaning of Give and Take Action
Each being which is created by God has the essential characteristics of Sung Sang and Hyung Sang and Positivity and Negativity. Do these beings exist as individuals, separately and unrelated to one another, or do they have some kind of reciprocal relationship? Though each individual being seems to exist independently of all others, the entire Creation originates from the ideal of God, who is the being of harmonized dual characteristics. Therefore, each created being does not exist independently but is created to exist through reciprocal relationships.
The ideal reciprocal relationship is established when subject and object have a good giving and receiving relationship. This good giving and receiving between subject and object is initiated by the Universal Prime Force and is called Give and Take Action. When the subject and object aspects within a being and between beings are engaged in Give and Take Action, all the forces necessary for its existence, reproduction and action are generated.
Let us consider a few examples. The body maintains its life through the Give and Take Action of the arteries and veins and inhalation and exhalation. An individual is able to achieve his purpose of existence through the Give and Take Action between mind and body. A family or society exists through the Give and Take Action between individuals and groups. Material things come into being and maintain their existence when the subject and object elements within them generate harmonious movement and physicochemical reactions through Give and Take Action.
Both plants and animals maintain their functions through Give and take Action among their various organs and systems. We find that even the solar system exists through the Give and Take Action between the sun and the planets in their orbital movements.
2. The Relationship between Universal Prime Force and the Forces of Give and Take Action
The Forces of Give and Take Action are the forces generated when a subject and an object have good Give and Take Action with each other. This action is initiated by the Universal Prime Force, and so the Universal Prime Force is causal and vertical and in the subject position to the Forces of Give and Take Action, which are resultant and horizontal and in the object position. The Universal Prime Force originates in God and is the Force which God projects into each being at the time of its creation. The Forces of Give and Take Action are the Forces manifested in the relationships among and within all created beings, and are the forces by which all created beings exist, reproduce and act.
Although the Universal Prime Force is a basic element contained in all things, it originates in one source, God. As a result, the Creation is harmonious in its myriad forms, regardless of the countless types of Give and Take Action initiated by the Universal Prime Force.
In other words, through Universal Prime Force, Give and Take Action is directed by a unifying purpose and through its reciprocal organic relationships generates the forces necessary for the existence, reproduction and action of all things, from the smallest to the largest.
The direction and goal of all Give and Take Actions are controlled by Universal Prime Force. Give and Take Action exists not only so that a subject and object con fulfill their individual purposes, but also for the greater purpose of unifying all things. The ultimate purpose of Give and Take Action is to have subject and object unite and develop to a greater and higher dimension.
The individual being which the subject and object become when they unite then strives for Give and Take Action with a corresponding counterpart of this greater dimension, and by uniting they develop into a still higher being. Thus, all things have both the purpose of self-maintenance and the purpose of maintaining the whole. Therefore the universe can be said to be one huge organic body of interpenetrating, harmonized dual purposes. (This will be explained further in the section "The Purpose of the Creation.")
3. The Relationship between God and Man In Terms of Give and Take Action
Next, let us consider the relationship between God and man in terms of Give and Take Action. The fact that God gave the first human ancestors his commandment (Gen 2:17) means that man is created to respond to God by keeping that commandment. Human beings were originally meant to maintain perfect Give and Take Action with God. An individual becomes a perfect object to God when he resembles the perfection of God and incarnates God's character (Mt 5:48). Then he automatically has a full Give and Take relationship with God and becomes one with God's Will and God becomes the center of his thinking, behavior and life (Jn 14:20).
If the first human beings had established a vertical relationship with God through perfect Give and Take Action, their descendants also would have been able to maintain perfect Give and Take Action with him. With this perfect vertical relationship established with God himself, all individuals would be able to maintain harmonious relationships with each other and live for the sake of each other, thus realizing the Kingdom of Heaven on earth. Through the Fall of the first human beings, this Give and Take relationship with God was cut off, and therefore each person has been unable to maintain a harmonious Give and Take relationship with God and with fellow human beings.
The Messiah is God's Son and becomes one with God through having a full Give and Take relationship. Fallen people should live a life of faith and attend the Messiah as their central subject. A fallen individual should become the object who will serve the Messiah absolutely because by Give and Take Action with the Messiah a fallen person becomes one with the Messiah, who is his mediator with God, and so can restore his Give and Take relationship with God. Therefore, Jesus is called the "mediator" (1 Tim 2:5) and "'... the way, and the truth and the life ...'"(Jn 14:6) for fallen man.
As the term Give and Take Action implies, the action is first giving and then receiving, not receiving and then giving. The very fact that God created means that He gave of himself. In other words, He sacrificed himself for his Creation. Thus it is heavenly law that giving precedes receiving. However, fallen man fails to return even after he receives -- and it is this way of life that gives rise to problems.
Jesus came to serve mankind with love and sacrifice: "'... the Son of man came not to be served, but to serve ...'" (Mt 20:28). Jesus also taught directly concerning the principle of Give and Take Action when he said, "'Judge not, that you be not judged. For with the judgment you pronounce you will be judged, and the measure you give will be the measure you get'" (Mt 7:2) and "'... whatever you wish that men would do to you, do so to them ...'" (Mt 7:12)
C. Origin-Division-Union Action, the Three Objects Purpose, and the Four Position Foundation
1. Origin-Division-Union Action
The dual characteristics of God, who is the invisible, subject being, produce substantial subject and object beings. Through the action of the Universal Prime Force a subject being and an object being form a reciprocal base and engage in Give and Take Action. The step prior to Give and Take Action is that of establishing a reciprocal base. It is possible when the subject and object put priority on the purpose for the whole rather than on their individual purposes. When subject and object beings perform Give and Take Action, they become one, thus forming a union which becomes a new object to God.
This union is the substantial realization of the purpose for the whole which the subject and object hold in common. The union is the fruit or result caused by the action on the subject and object of the purpose element within the Universal Prime Force. In brief, Origin-Division-Union Action is the course of development of the force that begins in God (the Origin), divides and then unites again.
2. Three Objects Purpose
When each of the four beings -- the origin, the subject and the object, and their resulting union -- takes a subject position to the other three, the Three Objects Standard is formed. Then through the Universal Prime Force each subject performs Give and Take Action with its three objects and is united with each, fulfilling the Three Objects Purpose.
As was already explained, the basis for the existence of an individual being cannot be established by that being alone. The basis for existence can be established only when a being has an ideal object or subject with which it has Give and Take Action. When a being in the subject position has three ideal objects for the purpose of Give and Take Action it has a complete base for existence. Thus, only through fulfilling the Three Objects Purpose can a being fulfill its purpose for existing.
If Adam and Eve had become perfect as individual embodiments of God's nature and had then become husband and wife and borne children embodying goodness, an ideal family of goodness would have been established. In that family, Adam, Eve and their children would each have fulfilled the Three Objects Purpose. Each would consider that among its three object beings God would be the first and the one with whom he should have a Give and Take relationship. That is, the divided subject and object and their union should each set God in the first object position among their own three objects. By doing this, all beings are harmoniously united with the purpose of the cosmos and the whole.
3. The Four Position Foundation
When the divided subject and object and their union, which come into being through Origin-Division-Union Action, fulfill the Three Objects Purpose, they form an eternal foundation of power. This foundation is called the Four Position Foundation. The Four Position Foundation is formed when the four beings -- God, the divided subject and object and their union -- each accomplish their Three Objects Purpose. We can say that the Four Position Foundation is the foundation of power which involves six different Give and Take relationships.
The ideal Four Position Foundation is established when subject and object unite through ideal Give and Take Action centered on God. The Four Position Foundation is the basic foundation upon which God can operate. It is also the basic foundation of goodness through which the Purpose of God's Creation is accomplished. As will be explained more fully later, God's Purpose for the Creation is fulfilled through the Three Blessings which God promised to man, and this is done by establishing the Four Position Foundation.
When the mind (subject) and body (object) of a person perform ideal Give and Take Action centered on God (origin), they form an ideal person, with unified mind and body (union), and an individual Four Position Foundation is realized. In all cases, God is the origin and center. This means that God's Heart and Will of goodness are the center. Therefore, the Four Position Foundation is the basic foundation of goodness which accomplishes the Purpose of God's Creation.
The Four Position Foundation is also the basis of the frequent use of the numbers three, four, seven and twelve in the Bible and the Dispensation for Restoration (see Chapters 8-16). The Four Position Foundation must be established through the three-stage process of Origin-Division-Union Action. Since the realization of the Four Position Foundation is through a three-stage process, there are also three stages in the growing period (see Chapter I, Part II link below), and "three" is the number that represents completion. From a structural point of view, the Four Position Foundation consists of four elements. This is the basis for the number "four" symbolizing the structure required for the realization of God's ideal.
Since the Four Position Foundation consists of four different elements and is realized through a three-stage process, it is also the basis for the frequent symbolic use of the numbers "seven" and "twelve." "Twelve" is also the number of different directions of movement in the Give and Take relationships between the four entities in the Four Position Foundation. The numbers "seven" and "twelve" represent perfection or completion of the Four Position Foundation.
(End of Lecture I, Part I)
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