Ever since the creation of the world his invisible nature, namely, his eternal power and deity, has been clearly perceived in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse. ... (Rom 1:20)We will determine God's nature by finding the characteristics which are common to all entities in his Creation.
In plants, life and the various invisible internal characteristics are its Sung Sang, whereas the material part made up of the cells is its Hyung Sang. The same principle can be applied to the Elements. The physicochemical character of molecules, atoms and particles is their Sung Sang, while the visible matter and structure are their Hyung Sang. In man, the mind is the subject and motivator of the body; thus the body moves according to the direction of the mind. Likewise, the Sung Sang of animals, plants, molecules, atoms and particles direct and control their Hyung Sang.
The body, which is Hyung Sang, reflects and resembles the mind, which is Sung Sang. Though the mind cannot be seen, it has its own "form," and the body, which reflects and resembles the mind, assumes a corresponding form. Mind and body are simply the inner and outer aspects of the same person, with the mind being causal and in the subject position to the body. This is the reason one can perceive things about a man's mind and destiny by examining his outer appearance.
From this, we can understand that Sung Sang and Hyung Sang are simply the inner and outer aspects of each being. Sung Sang is the causal aspect and stands in the subject position to Hyung Sang; Hyung Sang is the resultant aspect and stands in the object position to Sung Sang. Accordingly, Hyung Sang may also be called the second Sung Sang. Together we call them dual characteristics.
Since God is the First Cause of all beings and each created being has dual characteristics of Sung Sang and Hyung Sang, God must have Sung Sang and Hyung Sang (Rom 1:20). God's Sung Sang and Hyung Sang are in the subject position to the Sung Sang and Hyung Sang of the created beings. God's Sung Sang, which is in the subject position to the Sung Sang of all created beings, is called the Original Sung Sang, and his Hyung Sang, which is subject to the Hyung Sang of all created beings, is called the Original Hyung Sang. It should be emphasized that God's Original Sung Sang and Original Hyung Sang do not exist as independent entities but in harmonious reciprocal relationship with one another. God is the subject being of harmonized Original Sung Sang and Original Hyung Sang, and his attributes are the First Cause of the resultant world.
Atoms themselves have positive or negative characteristics. Based on such characteristics, two or more atoms enter into a reciprocal relationship, forming molecules. Plants have male and female elements. Similarly, most animals reproduce through relationships between male and female. All plants and animals exist and reproduce by virtue of myriad internal and external interdependent relationships of positive and negative elements.
The Bible says that God was not satisfied with man alone (Gen 2:18) so he made a woman, Eve, as Adam's object. Afterward, for the first time God saw that his Creation was "very good." Mankind is composed of men and women, and human society exists and develops through the reciprocal relationships between men and women.
The relationship between Positivity and Negativity is similar to that which exists between internal character and external form. Positivity and Negativity have the reciprocal relationship of subject and object, cause and result, internal and external; so Positivity and Negativity together are also called dual characteristics. The Creation is made in such a way that everything exists through the reciprocal relationship of Positivity and Negativity.
What is the source of these dual characteristics of Positivity and Negativity, which can be found throughout the Creation? Since all beings are resultant beings, the elements they have in common must have originated in their ultimate source -- God, the Creator. The fact that the Creation is composed of dual characteristics of Positivity and Negativity means that God himself, who is the First Cause of all things, is the origin of the dual characteristics of Positivity and Negativity. This fact can be understood from Genesis 1:27:, which says, "So God created man in his own image, male and female he created them."
God is the being whose Positivity and Negativity attributes stand in the subject position to all the Positive and Negative aspects of created beings. We call God's subject Positive and Negative aspects Original Positivity and Original Negativity. God's Original Positivity and Original Negativity are harmonized within him, so God is the First Cause of the resultant world and exists as the being of harmonized Positive and Negative aspects.
Let us look at these dual aspects in man. First, in the mind, or Sung Sang, there is "positive" emotion, which is active or lively, and there is "negative" emotion, which is sentimental or placid. There is positive intellect, which is active, and negative intellect, which is passive. There is positive will, which initiates and takes charge, and there is negative will, which is passive or responsive.
There are also positive and negative aspects to man's physical body or Hyung Snag. The protruding, or convex, parts are the positive aspects, whereas the sunken or concave parts are the negative aspects. Thus we can see that Positivity and Negativity are attributes of Sung Sang and Hung Sang.
In the same way, Original Positivity and Original Negativity are attributes of God's Original Sung Sang and Original Hyung Sang. In brief, God is the First Cause and the subject with the dual characteristics of Original Sung Sang and Original Hung Sang harmonized with the dual characteristics of Original Positivity and Original Negativity.
What are the essential natures of God's Original Sung Sang and Original Hung Sang? God's Original Sung Sang is the internal nature of God and the origin of the invisible inner aspects of all created beings: Man's mind, an animal's instinct, the life of plants and the physicochemical character of the minerals and elements. Original Sung Sang is the mind of God, which includes emotion, intellect and will, as well as concepts and law. However, the most essential of God's internal characteristics is Heart or love.
[Heart (Shimjung, in Korean) is the essence of God's personality, the essence of his Sung Sang. Heart is the most vital part of his nature, such that all other attributes in Him are what they are and do what they do solely because of this attribute. Heart is the impulse to love and to be united in love with the object of its love. For this reason, Heart is said to be the source of love and at the same time is the chief motive behind love. God's Heart has within itself its own purpose; so it is through God's love, through his Heart, that the Principle (Logos) is expressed and the Creation comes into being and achieves fulfillment.]
The Original Hyung Sang is God's external attributes and is the origin of the substance and form of all created beings: man's body, the bodies of the animals and plants and the substance and form of inorganic matter. Universal Prime Energy (see next section below) and matter are the main attributes of the Original Hyung Sang.
Though all created beings reflect God's dual characteristics, they can be classified into two categories: (1) man, and (2) all other things. Man is created to be in the image of God, and thus he is called the substantial object in the image (image substantial object) of God. All other things resemble God symbolically and thus are called symbolic substantial objects of God.
Any substantial object containing dual characteristics which resemble the dual characteristics of God is called an individual truth body. As we have seen, every individual truth body has within itself Sung Sang and Hyung Sang and Positivity and Negativity, which are derived from and resemble the Original Sung Sang, Original Hyung Sang, Original Positivity and Original Negativity within God.
Let us sum up the relationship between God and the Creation as seen from the viewpoint of dual characteristics. The Creation is God's substantial object, consisting of individual truth bodies which are the manifestations of God's dual characteristics in image (man) and symbol (all other things) forms.
When we look at God and the Creation as a whole, the relationship between God and the Creation corresponds to that between Sung Sang and Hyung Sang. God is the invisible, internal cause and the Sung Sang, masculine subject to Creation; the Creation is the visible, external result and the Hyung Sang, feminine object of God.
The ideal reciprocal relationship is established when subject and object have a good giving and receiving relationship. This good giving and receiving between subject and object is initiated by the Universal Prime Force and is called Give and Take Action. When the subject and object aspects within a being and between beings are engaged in Give and Take Action, all the forces necessary for its existence, reproduction and action are generated.
Let us consider a few examples. The body maintains its life through the Give and Take Action of the arteries and veins and inhalation and exhalation. An individual is able to achieve his purpose of existence through the Give and Take Action between mind and body. A family or society exists through the Give and Take Action between individuals and groups. Material things come into being and maintain their existence when the subject and object elements within them generate harmonious movement and physicochemical reactions through Give and Take Action.
Both plants and animals maintain their functions through Give and take Action among their various organs and systems. We find that even the solar system exists through the Give and Take Action between the sun and the planets in their orbital movements.
Although the Universal Prime Force is a basic element contained in all things, it originates in one source, God. As a result, the Creation is harmonious in its myriad forms, regardless of the countless types of Give and Take Action initiated by the Universal Prime Force.
In other words, through Universal Prime Force, Give and Take Action is directed by a unifying purpose and through its reciprocal organic relationships generates the forces necessary for the existence, reproduction and action of all things, from the smallest to the largest.
The direction and goal of all Give and Take Actions are controlled by Universal Prime Force. Give and Take Action exists not only so that a subject and object con fulfill their individual purposes, but also for the greater purpose of unifying all things. The ultimate purpose of Give and Take Action is to have subject and object unite and develop to a greater and higher dimension.
The individual being which the subject and object become when they unite then strives for Give and Take Action with a corresponding counterpart of this greater dimension, and by uniting they develop into a still higher being. Thus, all things have both the purpose of self-maintenance and the purpose of maintaining the whole. Therefore the universe can be said to be one huge organic body of interpenetrating, harmonized dual purposes. (This will be explained further in the section "The Purpose of the Creation.")
If the first human beings had established a vertical relationship with God through perfect Give and Take Action, their descendants also would have been able to maintain perfect Give and Take Action with him. With this perfect vertical relationship established with God himself, all individuals would be able to maintain harmonious relationships with each other and live for the sake of each other, thus realizing the Kingdom of Heaven on earth. Through the Fall of the first human beings, this Give and Take relationship with God was cut off, and therefore each person has been unable to maintain a harmonious Give and Take relationship with God and with fellow human beings.
The Messiah is God's Son and becomes one with God through having a full Give and Take relationship. Fallen people should live a life of faith and attend the Messiah as their central subject. A fallen individual should become the object who will serve the Messiah absolutely because by Give and Take Action with the Messiah a fallen person becomes one with the Messiah, who is his mediator with God, and so can restore his Give and Take relationship with God. Therefore, Jesus is called the "mediator" (1 Tim 2:5) and "'... the way, and the truth and the life ...'"(Jn 14:6) for fallen man.
As the term Give and Take Action implies, the action is first giving and then receiving, not receiving and then giving. The very fact that God created means that He gave of himself. In other words, He sacrificed himself for his Creation. Thus it is heavenly law that giving precedes receiving. However, fallen man fails to return even after he receives -- and it is this way of life that gives rise to problems.
Jesus came to serve mankind with love and sacrifice: "'... the Son of man came not to be served, but to serve ...'" (Mt 20:28). Jesus also taught directly concerning the principle of Give and Take Action when he said, "'Judge not, that you be not judged. For with the judgment you pronounce you will be judged, and the measure you give will be the measure you get'" (Mt 7:2) and "'... whatever you wish that men would do to you, do so to them ...'" (Mt 7:12)
This union is the substantial realization of the purpose for the whole which the subject and object hold in common. The union is the fruit or result caused by the action on the subject and object of the purpose element within the Universal Prime Force. In brief, Origin-Division-Union Action is the course of development of the force that begins in God (the Origin), divides and then unites again.
As was already explained, the basis for the existence of an individual being cannot be established by that being alone. The basis for existence can be established only when a being has an ideal object or subject with which it has Give and Take Action. When a being in the subject position has three ideal objects for the purpose of Give and Take Action it has a complete base for existence. Thus, only through fulfilling the Three Objects Purpose can a being fulfill its purpose for existing.
If Adam and Eve had become perfect as individual embodiments of God's nature and had then become husband and wife and borne children embodying goodness, an ideal family of goodness would have been established. In that family, Adam, Eve and their children would each have fulfilled the Three Objects Purpose. Each would consider that among its three object beings God would be the first and the one with whom he should have a Give and Take relationship. That is, the divided subject and object and their union should each set God in the first object position among their own three objects. By doing this, all beings are harmoniously united with the purpose of the cosmos and the whole.
The ideal Four Position Foundation is established when subject and object unite through ideal Give and Take Action centered on God. The Four Position Foundation is the basic foundation upon which God can operate. It is also the basic foundation of goodness through which the Purpose of God's Creation is accomplished. As will be explained more fully later, God's Purpose for the Creation is fulfilled through the Three Blessings which God promised to man, and this is done by establishing the Four Position Foundation.
When the mind (subject) and body (object) of a person perform ideal Give and Take Action centered on God (origin), they form an ideal person, with unified mind and body (union), and an individual Four Position Foundation is realized. In all cases, God is the origin and center. This means that God's Heart and Will of goodness are the center. Therefore, the Four Position Foundation is the basic foundation of goodness which accomplishes the Purpose of God's Creation.
The Four Position Foundation is also the basis of the frequent use of the numbers three, four, seven and twelve in the Bible and the Dispensation for Restoration (see Chapters 8-16). The Four Position Foundation must be established through the three-stage process of Origin-Division-Union Action. Since the realization of the Four Position Foundation is through a three-stage process, there are also three stages in the growing period (see Chapter I, Part II link below), and "three" is the number that represents completion. From a structural point of view, the Four Position Foundation consists of four elements. This is the basis for the number "four" symbolizing the structure required for the realization of God's ideal.
Since the Four Position Foundation consists of four different elements and is realized through a three-stage process, it is also the basis for the frequent symbolic use of the numbers "seven" and "twelve." "Twelve" is also the number of different directions of movement in the Give and Take relationships between the four entities in the Four Position Foundation. The numbers "seven" and "twelve" represent perfection or completion of the Four Position Foundation.
(End of Lecture I, Part I)